Monday, December 5, 2016

El Gallo Quiquiriquí


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El Gallo Quiquiriquí
      The fairy tale of Quiquiriquí is a very popular tale from the Caribbean in which tell the story of a farm run by a kind farmer named Bonachon who treats his animals with kindness and respect and gives them the freedom to do whatever they please.  The animals are the center of the fairytale with speaking abilities, conflicts, and resolutions. Mr. Bonachon gathered his animals and told them he has to sell the farm to Don Cascarrabias, a mean spirited farmer who as soon as he arrived at the farm he treats the animals badly and hires a rooster named Quiquiriquí, who is the protagonist of the story and becomes a mean foreman.  The gender roles are very typical, all animal male characters are strong, mean, and in a predominant role and the female animal characters are weak, sexualized, and lazy.   There isn’t any information on the origin of the tale and the information found is only from early version of a tale that has been passed down from generations to generations.  All the written versions can be found in many scholastic books and collections of Spanish books of children fairy tales.  The version that I read for this assignment was released in 1986 by Cuentos infantiles publications; an online journal for books and children publications.
     There is only one version of the tale; however, the character of Quiquiriquí has been used for other tales where the rooster is similar to in character but taking different roles in a complete different story.  According to scholars of children fairytales most versions of the stories were written in Spanish.  Moreover, the first story was original from Spain and it was brought to the Americas by the Spanish settlers.  Since it is such short story it can only be found in book compilations and as part of other children tales.
Image result for el gallo quiquiriqui
     
      El Gallo Quiquiriquí is hired to be a foreman of a farm and as soon as he arrives he treats all the animals with anger, disrespect, and fear.  The main target of his abuse are the hens which are the female role in the stories.  The rooster abuses, humiliates, and belittles almost every hen except the beautiful Beatriz who he is enchanted by and doesn’t force her to do hard labor or face the same humiliation as her friends.  In the story Hen Isabel uses her beauty to deceive the rooster to get him out the farm.  Quiquiriquí is trying to force the hens to produce eggs or he would lose his job.  Since he is so horrible towards the hens they are afraid of producing eggs. 
    Furthermore, before the new owner arrived the hens used to produce eggs by listening to their friend Filomena or play the harmonica but since the new owner arrived he banned Filomena from the farm and no music or happiness was allowed.  At the end, the rooster stole eggs from the duck pond but Hen Isabel sees him and switched them to dove eggs.  When Don Cascarrabias see the small eggs he fires Quiquiriquí and allows Filomena to come back and play the harmonica again and the happy hens start making eggs again with the promise from their new owner that they will have similar freedoms as the one before Quiquiriquí was there. 
       The male Architype is the strong, angry, sexual, Don Juan, who is dominant and mistreats the women he doesn’t have any interest in, but will overlook mistakes and give preferences to the good looking and sexy one.  There are two type of female architypes, the four hens who became afraid and were abused followed the role of the weak female who is abused but is gentle, passive, and knows how to follow directions.  The beautiful hen Isabel plays the role of the sexualized female who just smiles, follows directions, and uses her beauty to deceive the male and to get what she wants. 
       The story is supposed to entertain children but it has help to shape the stereotype of abusive males who are always in charge and the role of females when in the presence of a male.  Regardless of how subliminal the message can be; it is clear that it has a patriarchal male chauvinist tone where females are subject to abuse just for not been pretty enough.  Fairy tales have the commonality of perpetrating all stereotypical gender roles and using male dominant perception to perpetrate all stories.  It is a fascinating concept that should be research and maybe further educate future generation to break free from the perception of expected roles of males and female’s characters in all future children fairy tales’ stories.       


Character list:
Bonachon,                                                                                          Original Farm Owner
Enriqueta,                                                                                            Hen/Chicken
Filomena,                                                                                            Hen/Chicken  
la vieja tía Copete,                                                                              Hen/Chicken
Beatriz,                                                                                                Hen/Chicken
Bonifacia,                                                                                            Hen/Chicken
El Buho Oliverio                                                                                Farm Adviser
El Viejo Gorrión                                                                                 The friendly Dove
Don Cascarrabias                                                                                New Farm Owner

References:
Anónimos. (1986). El gallo Quiquiriquí. Retrieved October 12, 2016, from
        http://www.cuentosinfantiles.net/cuentos-el-gallo-quiquiriqui.html
C. (2009). Cuenta Cuentos: El Gallo Quiquiriquí. Retrieved October 9, 2016, from
       https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yfqjIkNbPOE
B. (2013). Cuentos infantiles: El gallo Quiquiriquí. Retrieved October 11, 2016, from
       https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JQ8-5ql7gPU
El Gallo Quiquiriquí author. (n.d.). Retrieved October 13, 2016, from
        https://www.google.com/search?q=el gallo quiquiriquí/image         
Neelen, I. (2003). El Gallo Quiquiriquí. Boadilla del monte: Ediciones SM.




"Life is the result of our choices" - Brava